When you do not take in enough water than what you lose, then you will be dehydrated. If you are dehydrated and don’t drink enough water, it becomes very difficult for your body to maintain steady temperature and flush out wastes and toxins. You lose water through sweat, urine and also by respiration.
How lack of water affects you?
There are several ways in which dehydration shows its effects. As majority of the body weight comes from water, even mild dehydration shows up in many ways, such as – you feel tired, your mouth and lips dry, you have a headache, your focus and mind changes, you feel dizzy or lightheaded. Furthermore, no matter however you try or work hard, play or involve yourself in physical activity, your sweating lowers than usual.
When you are thirsty, don’t prolong the urge to quench your thirst – make a habit of drinking water as soon as you feel thirst. If you pay attention and drink water every time your body tells you to do so you will be protected from dehydration.
Who are at risk of dehydration?
Those who go outside in hot sun especially during hot sunny days without drinking adequate water and the workers who work outside are at greater risk. Kids and babies are also at risk of dehydration if they play outside. And also, individuals suffering from diarrhea can lose large quantity of water. Elderly people are also at risk due to advancing age as their sense of thirst gets duller with age. Breastfeeding mothers and pregnant women should drink enough water.
Do you need to drink 8 or 10 glasses of water?
Drinking more than 10 glasses of water or four to five litres of water is not a rule of thumb; however, according to your needs you can fix a rough estimate. In real terms, how much you need depends on your overall health, your activity levels, and geographical location of your city or town in which you live. In general, if you do not drink enough water, the colour of your urine tends to be darker than usual and you will urinate less frequently. Light colour or pale yellow or clear urine means you have enough water in your body – whereas dark urine means you need water and you are dehydrated.
What About Electrolytes?
You need adequate amounts of electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, and calcium as they are very essential for your muscles, nerves and bones. Electrolytes levels in your body in turn depend on the amount of water your body has. Owing to this reason, if an individual loses lots of fluids, he or she will feel thirsty as the body tries to bring the electrolytes back in balance.